The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties is the United Nations agreement which codifies the rules governing contractual relations between States. The Convention provides an international framework for these peacetime relations (the effects of the outbreak of hostilities between States on treaties are explicitly excluded from the scope of the Convention). That framework shall include the rules on the conclusion and entry into force of contracts, their compliance, application, interpretation, amendment and amendment, as well as the rules on invalidity, termination and suspension of the application of contracts. In creating this legal framework, the Convention promotes the objectives of the United Nations as set out in its Charter, including the maintenance of international peace and security, the development of friendly relations among States and the implementation of cooperation among the United Nations. The IPPC is a contract to prevent the introduction and spread of organisms harmful to plants and plant products and currently has 177 beneficiaries from the State. IpPC has developed phytosanitary policies and serves as both a financial intelligence unit and a source of information. Seven regional plant protection organizations have been established under the auspices of the IPPC. The North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) is composed, for example, of the United States, Canada and Mexico, which participate respectively through APHIS, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) or Plant`s Director of Health. The European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) is an intergovernmental organisation, also within the framework of the IPPC, responsible for cooperation in the field of plant health between 50 countries in Europe and the Mediterranean.
Compliance with a contract can become an issue in two particular circumstances. . . .