Border workers living in the south living in the north can benefit from cross-border worker relief, which ensures that they do not pay additional Irish tax unless they have income from other Irish sources. B such as rental income or capital income, or if they are taxed with a spouse for Irish tax. Bulgaria Bilateral and International Tax Agreements New agreements with Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hong Kong and Montenegro will come into force on 1 January 2012. A new agreement with Armenia will enter into force on 1 January 2013. New agreements were signed on 9 April 2012 with Egypt, Qatar on 21 June 2012 and Uzbekistan on 11 July 2012. The legal procedures for entering into force of these agreements are now being followed. Almost all Irish contracts provide for a zero-source tax on interest paid to a contractor, either unconditionally or only on certain types of interest. The exceptions are contracts with Australia, Chile, Israel and Turkey, which provide for lower but not zero interest rates for interest payments. Many Irish tax agreements also exempt royalties paid by Irish companies from withholding tax. Ireland has tax agreements with more than 70 countries. These double taxation conventions ensure that income that has been taxed in one country is not reimposed in another country. On 30 March 2011, a new agreement was signed to replace the existing agreement with Germany. This agreement came into force on November 28, 2012 and comes into effect on January 1, 2013.
Ireland has completed ratification procedures for the entry into force of the new agreements with Kuwait, Panama and Saudi Arabia. If these countries finalize the ratification procedures, the agreements will enter into force. A protocol to the existing agreement with South Africa came into force on 10 February 2012 and comes into force from 1 April 2012 for Articles III and VI of the Protocol and from 1 January 2013 for other articles. Ireland has completed ratification procedures for the entry into force of the protocol to the existing agreement with Malaysia. If Malaysia has also completed the ratification procedures, the protocol will enter into force. A protocol to the existing agreement with Switzerland was signed on 26 January 2012. The legal procedures for entering into force of this protocol are now being followed. Negotiations on new agreements with Thailand and Ukraine have been completed and are expected to be signed shortly. Negotiations on the protocols with existing agreements with Belgium and Luxembourg have also been concluded.
Ireland has signed double taxation agreements (DBA) with 74 countries; 73 are in effect. The agreements concern direct taxes which, in the case of Ireland, are as follows: the protocols to the existing agreements with Belgium, Denmark and Luxembourg were signed on 14 April, 22 July and 27 May 2014 respectively. The legal procedures for entering into force of these protocols are now being followed. Ireland is in the process of signing comprehensive double taxation agreements with 74 countries, 73 of which are currently in force. There is an outstanding agreement between Ireland and Ghana that has not yet entered into force. These double taxation agreements include direct taxes which include income tax, general social security contributions, corporation tax and/or capital gains tax in Ireland. Negotiations for new agreements with the following countries are at different stages: Azerbaijan and Tunisia. Negotiations are under way to review existing agreements with Pakistan and the Netherlands.