Middle East Agreement 1918

By December 12, 2020 No Comments

The alliance between Germany and the Empire was born in the Ottoman railway project. However, plans to extend the railway at the beginning of the 20th century cast a shadow over Britain and France, both of which were the most concerned with defending their interests. As a result, the railway has been fiercely competitive over who would control it or, at the very least, the different groups. Any power that excludes its exclusive titles to the factions that cross their areas of interest – Syria and Lebanon for France and Mesopotamia, and Palestine for Britain. The two powers came to understand that they had to negotiate together to present a common front. To get what they wanted, Britain went so far as to prevent the Empire from connecting the Hejaz to Akaba and asking that Sinai be part of Egypt and not of Palestine, so as not to risk the Suez Canal. At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. On April 21, Faisal headed east. Before leaving, on 17 April Clemenceau sent a draft letter in which the French government declared that it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population”, claiming that Fayçal had recognized “that France is called a power, Syria the necessary assistance by various advisers On 20 April , Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements while I was in Paris, and I must thank you for first proposing the sending of the Allied Commission which will soon travel to the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples regarding the future organization of their country.

I am sure the Syrian people will know how to show you their gratitude. [95] The formal agreements between Great Britain, France and Russia included the following eleven points.